Technology is evolving at a rapid speed in today’s digitally advanced environment. It has become rather common to see different technologies exceed one and another with continuous improvement. In the middle of all of this, there is one subject that endures significantly from the volatile nature of the tech world: programming language.
According to Webopedia, programming language is a vocabulary and set of grammatical rules for instructing a computer or computing device to perform specific tasks. This is the most crucial need for nearly every industry, because programming languages are mostly used to create desktop apps, websites, and mobile apps. With WikiPedia claiming there are approximately 700 programming languages out there, what are the most popular programming languages that will rule the tech world in 2022?
2 . Python
Python is a preferred language of those who are just getting started for programming since its syntax is relatively basic, making it easy to read, understand, and apply. The language is widely used in web development, software development, and many cutting-edge technologies including Machine Learning, AI, and Data Science. The language has some important features such as extensive library support, automated garbage collection, better interface with other languages, GUI programming support, and many others. Django, Flask, and Pyramid are three prominent Python frameworks that make things more efficient and convenient.
In the last five years, the language has grown at a rate of approximately 18-19%. According to the RedMonk Ranking report for 2020, Python has surpassed JAVA to become the second most popular programming language. Python is ranked first in the PYPL index for the month of December 2020. Additionally, Python’s scalability with developing technologies makes it more appealing to developers and will continue to grow in the next few years.
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3 . C/C++
C++ is an object-oriented programming language that began as an extension to C. The language is extensively utilized in a variety of disciplines, including game development, GUI and desktop applications, and competitive programming. The C programming language’s general-purpose procedural is mostly utilized in the building work of low-level systems such as operating systems, kernel development, and others. This language’s attributes are adopted by many other programming languages.
Learning C/C++ in 2021 is not only advantageous from a professional standpoint, but it also makes it simpler to learn other programming languages later on. C and C++ are ranked first and fourth, respectively, in the TIOBE index of 2020. C/C++ is ranked #5 in the PYPL index, with an increased trend of roughly 0.1%.
4 . Kotlin
Kotlin is a statically typed general-purpose programming language that may be used for both object-oriented and functional programming. This language’s strongest point is that it is fully compatible with Java and supports all Java libraries. Additionally, the language is relatively simple to learn, and it can be used for web programming as well as desktop application development in addition to Android development. Some noteworthy Kotlin frameworks are Javelin, KTor, and Vertex.
There has been a significant shift in developer preference for Kotlin since Google announced it as its primary language for Android application development. According to the Stack Overflow study, Kotlin is the fourth most popular programming language. Furthermore, the number of Kotlin users in the Github community is rapidly growing.
5 . Scala
Scala was created largely to address concerns that developers had with another language, Java. It has established a solid standing among developers throughout time. Scala is a general-purpose programming language that may be used to implement both object-oriented and functional programming paradigms. It has differentiating characteristics like slow computing, string interpolation, type inference, high scalability, and many more. Scala code may also be translated to byte codes and run on the Java Virtual Machine. The language is commonly used in web development, data science, and machine learning.
Several tech players in the market, like Netflix, LinkedIn, eBay, and Twitter, use Scala for their own platforms and businesses. Scala may become one of the most sought after programming languages in 2021, as many other companies aim forward to implementing it into their operations and due to its rapidly expanding demand among developers.
With the demand for IT services has not shown any sign of slowing down, learning these programming languages will continue to be valuable in 2022. If you’re looking for talents who are well-versed in these languages to build your own IT project, contact Tech Grid today!